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Codes and terms

Area codes

The first field in the quota-tables is an area code. The next field shows the underlying areas and economical zone (from 1996-2002, the economical zone is blank, if it was EEC). From 1996-2002, the area codes were as shown in the list below. Since 2003, the area codes are as those the member-countries are meant to use in their monthly announcement to the European Commision regarding landings of qouted species, see the always applying TAC (Total Allowable Catches). These are available in the quota area links below.

Area charts, with ICES-codes

The areas are coded in the same way as the international codes for ICES-areas. Below, the terms for each code are clarified:

1+2 - Norwegian Sea (Atlanto Scandic Herring)

1+2B - Svalbard
                
12 - North of the Azores
                
14+5 - Greenlandic waters, east
                
14 - Eastgreenlandic waters
                
2A - Norwegian Sea
                
2B - Svalbard and Bear Island
                
3+4 - Skagerrak/Kattegat/The Baltic Sea/The North Sea
                
3A+4 - The North Sea/Skagerrak/Kattegat
                
3A - Skagerrak/Kattegat
                
3A-D - Skagerrak/Kattegat/The Baltic Sea
                
3AN - Skagerrak
                
3AS - Kattegat
                
3B - Øresund
                
3C - The Belt Sea and the Western Baltic
                
3D - Eastern Baltic
                
22/24 - Western Baltic
                
25/32 - Eastern Baltic
                
4A - Northern North Sea
                
4AB - The North Sea
                
4AC - The North Sea
                
4B - Central North Sea
                
4C - Southern North Sea
                
4C7D - Southern North Sea
 (incl. The English Channel)
                
5B-8 - West of the British Isles
                
5B - Faroese waters
                
5B. - Faroese waters
                
5B67 - West of the British Isles
                
6A - The waters west of Scotland
                
6B - Rockall
                
7 - West of the British Isles
                
7BC - The waters west of Ireland
                
7D - Eastern English Channel
                
7DE - The English Channel
                
7E - Western English Channel
                
7GK - The waters south of Irland
                
8A - Northern Biscayen
                
8D - Central Biscayen
                
8ABD - Biscayen
                
NAFO - NAFO area, remote waters
                
SØ - Lakes and the likes

Economic zones

A zone is a nations economic zone, which is a sea area stretching up to 200 leagues from the nations shores or following international border-agreements. Several of the area codes are followed by a code designating the zone. Where there are no zone designation, the sea area is in European zone (EU-area/EEC). The code for economic zone is a three letter code. Next is a list of codes and interpretations:

EEC  - EU waters

CAN - Canadian zone/area

EST - Estonian zone/area    

FRO - Faroe zone/area
      
GRL - Greenlandic zone/area
      
INT - International zone/area
      
LTU - Lithuania zone/area
      
LVA - Latvian zone/area
      
NOR - Norwegian zone/area
      
POL - Polish zone/area
      
RUS - Russian zone/area

Quota nation

The notion of the "Quota nation" will in rare cases not be Denmark. This situation will occur through private business deals, in which a Danish fisherman buys himself to a part of a foreign quota (most often in the foreign countries economic zone). This has not been utilized since 1998.

Where such a thing happens, the three letters describing economic zone will be followed by the word 'Quota'. Below, you will find a translation of the different codes.

DEU Quota - Quota nation Germany

EST Quota - Quota nation Estonia
      
LTU Quota - Quota nation Lithuania
      
POL Quota - Quota nation Poland

Species codes in the Quota 'Other Norwegian zone Species'

The Quota table 'Other Norwegian zone species' contains FAO code abbreviations for the species who are quota-designated and caught in the Norwegian zone under the quota 'Other Norwegian zone species'.

The full list of abbreviations, common and scientific names can be downloaded from  FAOs homepage:

ASFIS List of Species for Fishery Statistics Purposes 

TAC and the Quota system

A TAC (Total Allowable Catches) is the biggest allowed catch volume for one species of fish in one or more given sea areas. When a TAC is established, it can be distributed as quotas to the associated fishing nations. A quota is a nation's maximum allowed catch volume of one species in a bounded sea area. In some cases, a quota can have more species in it, e.g. Dab and Flounder in the North Sea, as can the sea area be defined differently. One stock of fish will always refer to one or more certain species of fish within a bounded sea area.

There is a certain flexibility in the quota system. As such, a violation of allowed landings in quoted species can be tolerated by up to 5 %. However, such violations effect next years quota on the mentioned specie negatively. It is possible to request the Commision for a permit of landing excess amounts of a stock under a preventive TAC, though at most, 10%.

The excess amount will cause a reduction in next years quota.

The Commision can, for stocks restricted to analytical TAC's, authorise to withhold at the most 10% of the quota, and transfer this amount to the following year. It is also possible for each of the countries in the EU to mutually exchange quotas.

An EU-amount is a quota which is an undistributed and available amount to selected membership-countries. It is possible to have both a national quota and an undistributed quota. In later years most quotas have been distributed, meaning that only a few undistributed quotas are available to member countries of the EU.

Fix point and fix date

The fix point is an administrative definition. The fix point makes up a percentage of the entire quota, and when this percentage has been used up, a decision is made on whether or not to introduce a regulation.

Contact

The Danish AgriFish Agency
Control & Fisheries
Data & Analysis
Phone: +45 33 95 80 00
E-mail: dataanalyse@lfst.dk


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